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There are more than 100 types of cancer. Types of cancer are usually named for the organs or tissues where the cancers form. For example, lung cancer starts in cells of the lung, and brain cancer starts in cells of the brain. Cancers also may be described by the type of cell that formed them
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There are more than 100 types of cancer. Types of cancer are usually named for the organs or tissues where the cancers form. For example, lung cancer starts in cells of the lung, and brain cancer starts in cells of the brain. Cancers also may be described by the type of cell that formed them such as an epithelial cell or a squamous cell. You can search NCI’s website for information on specific types of cancer based on the cancer’s location in the body or by using our A to Z List of Cancers. We also have collections of information on childhood cancers and cancers in adolescents and young adults.

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Cancer is the name given to a collection of related diseases. In all types of cancer, some of the body’s cells begin to divide without stopping and spread into surrounding tissues. Cancer can start almost anywhere in the human body, which is made up of trillions of cells. Normally, human cells grow and divide to
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Cancer is the name given to a collection of related diseases. In all types of cancer, some of the body’s cells begin to divide without stopping and spread into surrounding tissues. Cancer can start almost anywhere in the human body, which is made up of trillions of cells. Normally, human cells grow and divide to form new cells as the body needs them. When cells grow old or become damaged, they die, and new cells take their place.

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Taking place under the tagline ‘We can. I can.’, World Cancer Day 2016-2018 will explore how everyone – as a collective or as individuals – can do their part to reduce the global burden of cancer. Just as cancer affects everyone in different ways, all people have the power to take various actions to reduce
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Taking place under the tagline ‘We can. I can.’, World Cancer Day 2016-2018 will explore how everyone – as a collective or as individuals – can do their part to reduce the global burden of cancer. Just as cancer affects everyone in different ways, all people have the power to take various actions to reduce the impact that cancer has on individuals, families and communities. World Cancer Day is a chance to reflect on what you can do, make a pledge and take action. Whatever you choose to do ‘We can. I can.’ make a difference to the fight against cancer.

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Exciting prospects for some advanced cancer patients have been declared this week after scientists successfully engineered immune cells so they can target a specific type of blood cancer during the first round of clinical trials. The study, which was presented at the annual conference for the American Association for the Advancement for Science (AAAS), showed enormous
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Exciting prospects for some advanced cancer patients have been declared this week after scientists successfully engineered immune cells so they can target a specific type of blood cancer during the first round of clinical trials. The study, which was presented at the annual conference for the American Association for the Advancement for Science (AAAS), showed enormous success among several dozen patients who would typically have only had months to live. Their early experimental trials that used the immune system’s T-cells to target cancers had “extraordinary results”. Patients with blood cancers of various types showed response rates of greater than 80% with more than half now enjoying complete remission, and in one study among sufferers of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia 94% saw symptoms disappear completely.

Researcher Stanley Riddell said, “this is unprecedented in medicine, to be honest, to get response rates in this range in these very advanced patients”. To administer the T-cell therapy, doctors remove immune cells from patients, tagging them with “receptor” molecules that target a specific cancer, as other T-cells target the flu or infections. They then infuse the cells back in the body. “There are reasons to be optimistic, there are reasons to be pessimistic,” said Riddell, of the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Washington state. “These are in patients that have failed everything. Most of the patients in our trial would be projected to have two to five months to live.”

Another researcher on the program, Chiara Bonini, a haematologist with San Raffaele University in Milan said,  “this is really a revolution”. “T-cells are a living drug, and in particular they have the potential to persist in our body for our whole lives.” Tests for this kind of treatment and scientific outcome has at this time been limited to only certain blood cancers.  The research team were clear on the fact that they needed to work on tumours and track how long patients would remain in remission. This type of therapy, T Cell therapy is recognised as a last choice for most, and in this case it came after the failing of chemotherapy for all of the programs’ participants.  And the good news is that scientists hope the modified cells that remain in your body will carry long term benefits in the fight against cancer internally, retaining their memory from years or even decades earlier to kill it in future years if it is to arise again. “Much like chemotherapy and radiotherapy, it’s not going to be a save-all,” Riddell said of the new therapy, adding: “I think immunotherapy has finally made it to a pillar of cancer therapy.” Source: http://startsatsixty.com.au/health/extraordinary-results-in-cancer-treatment-brings-hope

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